Italian University Nanoelectronics Team

Contact persons:

Luca Selmi, Enrico Sangiorgi

Via Toffano, 2 –

40125 Bologna

Italy

The National Interuniversity Consortium for Nanoelectronics (IU.NET) consists of 11 Italian Universities active in the field of Electronic Technologies and, in particular, physics, modeling, characterization, design and reliability of micro- and nano-electronic components for digital and analog applications, optoelectronic and power devices, sensors and biosensors, renewable energy production facilities, energy harvesting and energy storage. The consortium units are the Politecnici of Milan and Turin and the Universities of Bologna, Calabria, Ferrara, Modena and Reggio Emilia, Padua, Perugia, Pisa, Rome “La Sapienza” and Udine.

Equipment / Facilities

Processing platform

Politecnico of Milano

  • PoliFab fabrication facility (http://www.polifab.polimi.it/) equipped with optical lithography, electron beam lithography, wet and dry etching, thin film deposition ellipsometry.

University of Padova

  • Advanced Package Rework System that ensures both accurate component placement and custom tailored reflow profiles in a single platform rework system.
  • Soldering/de-soldering stations (Metcal, JBC, Weller)
  • Inspection microscopes: Ash Inspex HD 1080 p Digital microscope, Vision Engineering Lynx Stereo inspection microscope, Dino-lite digital microscopes, Weller microscope
  • Thermocamera Flir A20

University of Perugia

  • Clean room (30 square meter, 100 class under laminar air-flow) for electronic circuit production and assembly, including a complete process line for the realization of flexible circuits exploiting the copper-laminate method, so far used successfully up to 24 GHz

University of Roma

  • 3 chambers PECVD for a-Si:H deposition; Microwave CVD for silicon nanostructure growth, RF-CVD for carbon nanostructure growth, chemical laboratory; “clean room” class 10000; Evaporator; RIE; Mask aligner; UV Photolitography

Modelling platform

University of Modena and Reggio Emilia

  • Cadence analog and digital circuit simulation tools
  • COMSOL Multiphysics, Sentaurus TCAD device simulation tools
  • MDLab software Ginestra for characterization and reliability assessment

University of Bologna

  • EDA tools for IC design (from Europractice subscription):
    • Cadence IC and Systems packages
    • Synopsys Front end and Verification (FEV)
    • Sentaurus TCAD
    • Mentor Full Suite
  • In-house developed optical simulator
  • FEM multiphysics tool used for piezoelectric sensor and solid mechanics simulations (transient and stationary) and thermofluidic analysis (transient and stationary)
  • Simulation of nanoelectronic devices using in-house developed tools coupling Poisson equation and transport (time-dependent solution of Schroedinger equation, full quantum with QTBM or NEGF methods: EM, k.p or TB Hamiltonians, semiclassical Boltzmann transport equation through deterministic methods

University of Calabria

  • Cadence analog and digital circuit simulation tools
  • Sentaurus TCAD device simulation tools

University of Milano

  • Comsol Multiphysics (MEMS sensors, photodetectors, etc…)
  • Matlab/Simulink (behavioral models)
  • Cadence (integrated circuits design)
  • Labview (test setup design)
  • Synopsys (device simulation platform)

University of Padova

  • ORCAD Pspice and PCB layout
  • SIMetrix/SIMPLIS Pro
  • PLECS with Matlab/Simulink
  • CAD frameworks for digital, analog and RF/mm-wave IC design (Cadence, Synopsys, Mentor, Keysight)

University of Perugia

  • ADS (Keysight), CST
  • Synopsys Advanced TCAD Suite (TCAD)

University of Roma

  • 2-D and 3-D FINITE ELEMENT TCAD: Synopsys TCAD (electrical, optical semiconductor simulation); FemLab (mechanical, thermal simulation)
  • CST (electromagnetic simulation)
  • Simularors: HSPICE; NGSPICE; Modelsim; Questasim; QEMU (system simulation).

University of Torino

  • Synopsys TCAD Sentaurus (30 licenses for research and teaching through the Europractice consortium)
  • Numerical FDTD Solutions (1 license for research through the Europractice consortium)
  • RSoft CAD, FullWAVE and DiffractMOD (1 license for research)
  • Calypso Catapult (30 licenses for research and teaching through the Europractice consortium)
  • Mentor FPGA and Board Design (55 licenses for research and teaching through the Europractice consortium)
  • Cadence Combined IC & Systems Package (28 licenses for research and teaching + 20 licenses for teaching through the Europractice consortium)
  • Synopsys Front End, Verification and System Modelling (8 licenses for research and teaching + 20 licenses for teaching through the Europractice consortium)
  • Xilinx Vivado Design Suite System Edition (2 licenses for research and teaching through the Europractice consortium)
  • MathWorks MATLAB and SimuLink (campus-wide Total Academic Headcount license)
  • Advanpix Multiprecision Computing Toolbox (academic multi-user site license)

University of Udine

  • Twenty years activities in modelling and simulations with worldwide reputation, including Non Volatile memories, mobility and transport in advanced CMOS FETs.
  • Present focus is on CMOS and Beyond CMOS transistors: III-V FETS, Tunnel-FETs, Negative Capacitance FETs, Graphene and 2D gapped materials transistors, photodetectors based on fast avalanche photodiodes, biosensors.
  • In-house development of complete device simulators based on semi-classical and quantum transport modelling
  • Experienced user of commercial TCAD simulators for a variety of devices and applications.

Characterization platform

University of Modena

  • DC and pulsed electrical characterization at device level
  • electrical characterization at circuit and board level
  • low-frequency noise measurement systems
  • radiometric/photometric test of GaN LEDs (Electrical-Temperature-Optical characterization system
  • RF Load-pull measurements (1.7GHz-2.5GHz, 10GHz)
  • realization of electronic boards;

University of Bologna

    • Electronic laboratory for IC testing and characterization
    • DC-AC characterization setup for electron devices on wafer (two Probe Stations, Agilent 4156C Precision Semiconductor Parameter Analyzer with high-power extension.
    • State-of-the-art humidity chamber: GENVIRO 60-lt thermostatic and climatic chamber for environmental simulation tests. Temperature range from -40 to +180°C. Humidity control from 10% to 98% RH.
    • Characterization setups for solar cells
    • Platform for characterization of vibrational energy harvesters (electrodynamic shaker + dual-head laser precision distance/vibration measurement system).
    • Platform for characterization of bio-electronic interfaces (Patch clamp instrumentation / anti-vibrational table / microscopes)
    • High Voltage/High Frequency Pulser-receiver devices for ultrasonic tests
    • Multichannel (160Ch) DAQ

(http://www.arces.unibo.it/en/resources-1/ares-equipment
http://www.arces.unibo.it/en/resources-1/star-equipment
http://www.arces.unibo.it/en/resources-1/lyras-equipment)

University of Calabria

  • electrical characterization at wafer level (DC and pulsed);
  • low-frequency noise measurement systems;
  • electrical and optical characterization of solar cells;
  • realization of electronic boards.

University of Ferrara

  • RIFLE SE Electrical Characterization system for non-volatile memories (packaged samples only)
  • LeCroy Waverunner 1GHz/10 MSps oscilloscope

Politecnico of Milano

  • Rate table (gyroscopes and accelerometers), Shaker (accelerometers), Helmholtz coils (magnetometers), Lakeshore 460 (magnetic field accurate reference sensor), MCP system (MEMS electromechanical test)
  • Probe stations micromanipulators, Vacuum pump and chamber
  • Frequency meter (FM sensors, resonators), Spectrum analyzer, semiconductor parameter analyzer, etc…
  • General purpose equipment of an electronic laboratory (power supplies, oscilloscopes, waveform generators

University of Padova

  • Parameter Analyser (B1500A , E5263, …..), LCR Meters, Impedance/Gain-Phase Analyzer
  • Function/ Arbitrary Waverform Generators
  • Probe Stations (Karl Suss PM5, n.1 PMF8, Cascade), Thermal chuck : Temptronic TP315B, Triotech TC1000
  • Electrical Spectrum Analyzer (Rhode&Swarz, Agilent)
  • Metallographic Microscope
  • Burn in systems (I Test BILT, Accel RF), Climatic Chambers/Ovens, Cryostat n.1 Oxford 446044
  • DLTS systems, TLP system n.1 Custom Very fast tlp system, E7401A EMC Analyzer, 9 kHz to 1.5 GHz
  • Profilometer n.1 Polytech MSA-500-TPM
  • Photocurrent System: QE-PV-SI Newport, Bentham PVE300 (solar Cells Characterization), Photovoltaic systems (PV-Tools Loana), Solar Simulator, Custom equipments for advanced PV device characterization.
  • DC power sources up to 750 V, 100A 5kW, AC & DC Electronic load: 350Vrms (AC), 440V (DC), 45A, 4.5kW
  • Cadex G 8000, battery testing system
  • Oscilloscopes with voltage and current probes
  • Lab equipment for experimental verification of analog and RF integrated circuit prototypes up to 26GHz

University of Perugia

  • Manual wire-bonding machine,
  • Semi-automatic probe station, micro-manipulators and controlled impedance coplanar air probes for RF on-wafer measurements up to 40GHz.
  • Planar X-ray viewer

University of Roma “La Sapienza”

  • Structural: SEM; profilometer; microscopy (confocal)
  • Electrical: 4-micromanipulators probe station; heated chuck; Sampling Oscilloscope; Real Time Oscilloscope; Semiconductor Measurement Unit; Spectrum Analyzer; Modulated Signal Generator; VNAs; C-V and I-V set-ups; Active and passive RF components characterization; LNA characterization; Mixer IP3 point calculation; Mixer power gain measurements; Analog and digital (Q-PSK, W-CDMA) modulation/demodulation characterization; PLL characterization; Phase noise measurements; Bluetooth and OFDM links characterization. Remote control in LabView.

University of Torino

  • Microprobe RF and microwave linear characterization up to 67 GHz (90 GHz waveguide), load-pull power characterization up to 18 GHz (active), 26.5 (passive).
  • EMI characterization at circuit and system level
  • Antenna characterization in anechoic chamber
  • VLSI testing equipment

University of Udine

  • The lab is fully equipped for DC anf RF measurements up to a few Gigahertz of either on-wafer devices (with an atto-guarded probe station), or bonded devices. Experimental activities have included Non Volatile memories, as well mobility and transport in advanced CMOS FETs. Present focus is on graphene based transistors and contacts, avalanche photodiodes and biosensors.
Expertise

Beyond CMOS

University of Bologna

  • Solution of the Schrödinger/Poisson problem with the Non-Equilibrium Green’s Function (NEGF) formalism and implementing different Hamiltonians: non-parabolic effective mass, k*p, tight-binding.
  • Time-dependent solution of the Schrödinger equation for the simulation of quantum bits.
  • Homemade solver of the Boltzmann Transport Equation for nanowires.

University of Calabria

  • Device-circuit simulations
  • Digital circuits and architecture simulations

Politecnico of Milano

  • MEMS systems (sensors + integrated or discrete electronics for specific final applications)
  • Neuromorphic circuit design, testing on board

University of Perugia

  • Electronic on cellulose and on “non conventional materials” (cellulose as a paradigm)
  • Large Area Electronics approaches (smart surfaces, quasi optical solutions)
  • Diamond device TCAD modeling.

University of Torino

  • Design and simulation of molecular nanogap devices

University of Udine

Modelling and simulations of:

  • Tunnel-FETs, Negative Capacitance FETs
  • Graphene and 2D gapped materials transistors
  • Graphene based sensors

University of Pisa

  • Modeling of devices based on 2D materials, on topological insulators, and on devices based on tunnel barriers with non-equilibrium Green’s functions tools (in house nanotcad VIDES) and with commercial device simulator.

More Moore / Logic devices & circuits

University of Modena and Reggio Emilia

·  Device-circuit simulations

·  Electrical characterization at wafer level

·  Reliability modeling

University of Bologna

·  Cell-based design flow for implementation of digital IPs in BCD technology, in cooperation with STMicroelectronics in the framework of ECSEL JU R2POWER300 and R3POWERUP projects.

University of Calabria

·  Device-circuit simulations

·  Electrical characterization at wafer level

·  Reliability modeling

University of Roma “La Sapienza”

·  CMOS digital standard cell design

·  Digital circuit characterization and modeling

·  Power optimization of digital circuits

University of Torino

·  VLSI architectures, mixed-signal design,

·  Logic Synthesis and Optimization,

·  Process Variation-Aware Design

University of Udine

·   III-V based transistors

·   Fin-FETs, nanowire and stacked nanowire FET

University of Pisa

·   Multiscale modeling of nanoscale transistors from ab-initio simulations of materials to device simulation with non-equilibrium Green’s functions tools (in house nanotcad VIDES) and with commercial device simulator

More Moore / Memories

University of Modena and Reggio Emilia

  • Device-circuit simulations
  • Electrical characterization at wafer level
  • Material-device simulations

University of Bologna

  • Modeling and simulation of advanced non-volatile memory concepts (NVM) for new applications, such as ultra-low power computing, high-density and low-cost data storage, novel functions, communications and consumer electronics.

University of Calabria

  • Device-circuit simulations
  • Electrical characterization at wafer level

University of Ferrara

  • Electrical characterization and modeling of non-volatile memories reliability

Politecnico of Milano

  • Electrical characterization, numerical modeling. Reliability extrapolation.

University of Roma “La Sapienza”

  • Non-volatile memories: innovative floating-gate; low voltage programming waveforms; discrete storage nodes; resistive.

University of Torino

  • Nanomagnetic memories

University of Udine

  • Floating-gate and charge-trap non volatile memories

University of Pisa

Three dimensional modeling of non-volatile memories

More than Moore / Sensors

University of Modena and Reggio Emilia

  • Modeling and simulation of transduction mechanisms at device level
  • Extraction of equivalent circuits

University of Bologna

  • Ultra-low-noise and high-accuracy readout circuits for sensors and biosensors
  • High performance analog front-end design for industrial applications
  • Characterization of sensors and circuits
  • CMOS-integrated readout circuits for capacitive/resistive/resonant (current/magnetic/strain/bio-) sensors
  • Piezoelectric sensors
  • Design and prototyping of piezoelectric transducers
  • Design of CMOS capacitive interfaces for 3D IC wireless connection, in cooperation with STMicroelectronics in the framework of JTI ESiP project, and of CMOS active bio-electrodes for brain electrical imaging.

Politecnico of Milano

  • MEMS accelerometers, gyroscopes, magnetometers, ultrasonic transducers, MEMS resonators for real time clocks and other timing applications

University of Perugia

  • Radar sensors and microwave radiometer sensors;
  • Radiation sensors modeling (TCAD) and design.

University of Roma “La Sapienza”

  • Inertial; conductance; electromyography; ECG; CMOS image sensors,
  • Biological sensors

University of Torino

  • Electrochemiluminescent and electrochemical sensors, nanogap biomedical sensors,
  • wireless sensor network design,
  • neural network sensors,
  • Integrated Sensors and Sensor Fusion

University of Udine

Biosensors

More than Moore / Energy Harvesting

University of Modena and Reggio Emilia

  • HW-SW co-design
  • Innovative transducers

University of Bologna

  • Nano-power and ultra-low voltage integrated circuits for energy harvesting and power management
  • Multi-source energy harvesting circuits
  • RF energy harvesting (circuits for RF power transfer down to uW)

University of Padova

  • Power conversion topologies and techniques for Wiegand transducers and photovoltaic cells

University of Perugia

  • Wireless Power Transfer systems
  • Wireless Power lines

University of Roma “La Sapienza”

  • Solar cell
  • Thermoelectric cells

University of Udine

  • Piezoelectric, photovoltaic, thermoelectric energy harvesting devices, circuits and systems.

Mechanical vibration based harvesters.

More than Moore / RF devices & circuits

University of Modena and Reggio Emilia

  • Device simulations
  • Design and characterization of transceivers operating at RF and mm-waves
  • Electrical characterization at wafer level (DC, pulse, I-DLTS)
  • RF Load-pull measurements (1.7GHz-2.5GHz, 10GHz)

University of Bologna

  • UWB localization systems at cm-level
  • Experience in IC circuit design for RF applications. Among the blocks composing the front-end of RF transceivers, the circuit activity was principally focused on the design of VCOs and frequency synthesizers.

University of Padova

  • Design of RF and mm-wave integrated circuits in CMOS, BiCMOS and bipolar technology
  • Characterization, physical modeling, reliability and simulation of FETs and diodes based on various binary, ternary and quaternary material systems, such as GaN, GaAs, GaO and Si. Knowledge of electrical, optical, capacitive and thermal characterization techniques for the analysis of device performance, degradation and deep level concentration. Expertise in advanced characterization techniques, such as capacitive, current, transient, optical, admittance, photocurrent and interface states deep level spectroscopy, analysis of dynamic performance, spatially- and spectrally-resolved electroluminescence and photoluminescence – both front- and back-side.
  • Reliability investigation of radio frequency micro electromechanical system (RF MEMS) and micro mirrors. In particular investigation of contact degradation of micro switches and long term mechanical viscoelastic mechanical degradation.

University of Perugia

  • Building block design and testing (LNA, mixers, VCO…) on cellulose-based materials,
  • reconfigurable power amplifiers,
  • tunable matching networks,
  • RFIDs and RFID sensors
  • Chipless RFIDs

University of Roma “La Sapienza”

  • CMOS integrated Oscillators

University of Torino

  • Power amplifier design on III-V and III-N platforms,
  • low-noise amplifier design,
  • RF and microwave characterization and modeling,
  • physics-based modeling of III-V and III-N devices,
  • H-terminated diamond FETs

University of Udine

  • RF circuit design

High Speed Serial links

More than Moore / Photonics devices

University of Modena and Reggio Emilia

  • Device simulation
  • Electrical and optical characterization

University of Bologna

  • Advanced architectures for silicon based solar cells and optcal MEMS theoretically analyzed by means of accurate TCAD simulations

University of Calabria

  • Device simulation
  • Electrical and optical characterization.

University of Padova

  • Characterization, physical modeling, reliability and simulation of LEDs, laser diodes, solar cells, multi-quantum well solar cells and photodiodes based on various binary, ternary and quaternary material systems, such as GaN, GaAs, InP, Si and CdTe. Knowledge of electrical, optical, capacitive and thermal characterization techniques for the analysis of device performance, degradation and deep level concentration. Expertise in advanced characterization techniques, such as capacitive, optical, admittance, photocurrent and interface states deep level spectroscopy, spatially- and spectrally-resolved electroluminescence and photoluminescence – both front- and back-side –, analysis of carrier lifetime and quantum efficiency.

University of Perugia

  • Multi-octave Analog laser predistortion for RoF systems

University of Roma “La Sapienza”

  • THz detectors

University of Torino

  • Design of high-speed detectors,
  • electroabsorption modulators,
  • electro-optic modulators,
  • QW lasers,
  • III-N LEDs,
  • FIR image sensors on MERCATEL,
  • QW III-V solar cells,
  • passive element modelling and design

University of Udine

Modelling, characterization and optimization of photodetectors

More than Moore / Power devices

University of Modena

  • Electrical characterization at wafer level (DC, pulse, I-DLTS)
  • Reliability modeling
  • Device simulation

University of Bologna

  • Power diodes and transistors based on Silicon and GaN: characterization and modeling of the long-term degradation.
  • Physical modeling of degradation, self-heating effects, leakage currents and breakdown conditions in power silicon and wide-bandgap devices.
  • Effects of charging and polarization of passivation materials and molding compounds. Experimental characterizations of electrical losses and humidity uptake in new plastic materials.
  • MEMS piezoelectric transformers

University of Calabria

  • Electrical characterization at wafer level
  • Reliability modeling

University of Padova

  • Characterization of power MOSFETs and IGBTs
  • Characterization of GaN HEMT power MOSFETs
  • Characterization, physical modeling, reliability and simulation of FETs – with and without gate insulator -, diodes and natural superjunctions based on various binary, ternary and quaternary material systems, such as GaN, GaAs, GaO and Si. Knowledge of electrical, optical, capacitive and thermal characterization techniques for the analysis of device performance, degradation and deep level concentration. Expertise in advanced characterization techniques, such as capacitive, current, transient, optical, admittance, photocurrent and interface states deep level spectroscopy, analysis of dynamic performance, spatially- and spectrally-resolved electroluminescence and photoluminescence – both front- and back-side.

University of Torino

  • III-N power transistors,
  • Si power devices,
  • EMC integrated circuit design,
  • EMI characterization of integrated circuits

University of Pisa

Multiscale modeling (from ab-initio to circuit simulation) of devices based on GaN and SiC. Modeling of defects and traps in GaN and SIC

Flexible electronics / Organic devices

University of Modena and Reggio Emilia

  • Electrical characterization and modeling of printed devices

University of Padova

  • Characterization of organic devices for electronics (thin film transistor), optoelectronics (organic LEDs and light emitting transistors), and photovoltaics (polymeric solar cells, dye sensitized solar cells, perovskite solar cells).
  • Modelling of organic electronics and photovoltaic devices
  • Development, characterization and modeling of organic biosensors for neural interfacing.

University of Torino

  • Organic solar cells,
  • molecular organic devices

University of Perugia

Electronic on cellulose and on “non conventional materials” (cellulose as a paradigm)

Flexible electronics / Others

University of Pisa

Ink-jet printed electronics based on 2D materials

Smart systems

University of Modena and Reggio Emilia

  • Circuit design
  • Architecture design
  • Electrical testing

University of Bologna

  • IoT sensor nodes with advanced power management for operation with uW energy harvesting
  • Energy autonomous nodes for IoT applications: wireless nodes with embedded sensing, processing, communication and actuating capabilities using energy harvesting from surrounding environment. Activity carried out in the framework of joint STMicroelectronics-ARCES laboratory also in the framework of ECSEL Connect project.

University of Calabria

  • Circuit design
  • Architecture design
  • Electrical testing

Politecnico of Milano

  • MEMS systems (sensors + integrated or discrete electronics for specific final applications)

University of Perugia

  • Embedded system, Lab-on-chip building blocks

University of Roma “La Sapienza”

  • Integrated platforms for embedded processing and wireless transmission of data to a cloud
  • Body sensor networks
  • Embedded system design
  • Microprocessor design
  • FPGA prototyping
  • Digital IC design

University of Torino

  • Embedded systems,
  • Smart Systems for Robotics and Biomedical Applications

University of Pisa

Design and characterization of MEMS-based sensors (resonant mass sensors, accelerometers) and actuators (micro mirrors). Phononic devices modeling and characterization.

Systems design

University of Modena and Reggio Emilia

  • Circuit design
  • Architecture design
  • Electrical testing

University of Bologna

  • Design of sensor systems for structural health monitoring applications
  • Interfacing piezoelectric transducers and accelerometers

University of Calabria

  • Circuit design
  • Architecture design
  • Electrical testing

University of Ferrara

  • Solid State Drives
  • FPGA with emerging non-volatile memories

Politecnico of Milano

  • MEMS systems (sensors + integrated or discrete electronics for specific final applications)

University of Padova

  • AC/DC, DC/DC, DC/AC power conversion design from few watts up to tens of kWatts
Research interests

Beyond CMOS

University of Bologna

  • Investigation of the electrical performances of novel device concepts, such as tunnel FETs, carbon nanotube FETs, graphene nanoribbons, steep-slope devices.
  • Modeling of quantum phenomena involved in the initialization, computation, and reading of qbits.

University of Calabria

  • Tunnel FET
  • Spintronics
  • Quantum-Dot Cell Automata

Politecnico of Milano

  • MEMS systems (sensors + integrated or discrete electronics for specific final applications)
  • Neuromorphic circuits, In memory computing, Random number generator

University of Perugia

  • Electronic circuits and system on cellulose; MEMS on cellulose, etc.
  • Silicon on Diamond devices.

University of Udine

  • Experimental characterization and modelling of 2D based devices and metal/2D contacts

University of Pisa

  • Electron devices based on 2D materials

Negative capacitance transistors

More Moore / Logic devices & circuits

University of Modena and Reggio Emilia

  • High-mobility materials

University of Bologna

  • Soft-core embedded programmable logic devices (ePLD): eFPGA template and its integration in a SoC for Smart-Power applications

University of Calabria

  • Multi-gate FET
  • High-mobility materials

University of Roma “La Sapienza”

  • Circuit level optimization of microprocessor architecture
  • Circuit/architecture combined modeling of microprocessor systems

University of Udine

  • III-V based transistors
  • Fin-FETs, nanowire and stacked nanowire FETs

University of Pisa

Multiscale modeling of nanoscale transistors from ab-initio simulations of materials to device simulation with non-equilibrium Green’s functions tools (in house nanotcad VIDES) and with commercial device simulator

More Moore / Memories

University of Modena and Reggio Emilia

  • Resistive RAM, selectors
  • Neuromorphic computing devices

University of Bologna

  • Investigation of the different switching mechanisms, which extend to quantum mechanical phenomena, spin polarization, phase transition, etc.

University of Calabria

  • STT/SOT-MRAM
  • Resistive RAM

University of Ferrara

  • Arrays characterization of 3D NAND Flash memories, Resistive RAM, Magnetic RAM, Phase Change Memories

Politecnico of Milano

  • 3D Flash memories
  • Phase change memory
  • Resistive switching memory
  • Conductive bridge memory
  • Spin-transfer torque memory

University of Roma “La Sapienza”

  • Neuromorphic architectures with resistive ; neuromorphic architectures with FG memory arrays

University of Udine

  • Experimental characterization and modeling of charge trap memory cell

University of Pisa

Multiscale modeling of non-volatile memories

More than Moore / Sensors

University of Modena and Reggio Emilia

  • Massively parallel array based nanobiosensors (nanoelectrodes, ISFETs)

University of Bologna

  • Novel approach for impedance spectroscopy in biomedical field
  • High-performance Hall-effect sensors
  • Resonant sensing
  • Embedded digital signal processing sensing (Machine learning sensing, random signal sensing)
  • Sensors for guided wave inspections

Politecnico of Milano

  • MEMS sensors and systems, MEMS electronics

University of Perugia

  • Miniaturized and SoC radars and radiometer for environmental sensing and industrial applications.
  • Radiation damage modeling for particle physics applications.

University of Roma “La Sapienza”

  • Wearable sensing devices for healthcare and wellness;
  • Dark current and hot pixel in CMOS image sensors
  • Integration of CMOS image sensors with nanowires in order to achieve charge, potential, impedance, stress, mapping of the cellular membrane.

University of Torino

  • Nanogap devices,
  • MEMS sensors, MEMS & NEMS Modelling and Design,
  • Integrated Sensors and Sensor Fusion

University of Udine

  • photodetectors based on fast avalanche photodiodes
  • biosensors

More than Moore / Energy Harvesting

University of Modena and Reggio Emilia

·  New transducing materials and structures

·  Ultra Low Power circuits

University of Bologna

·  Applications of energy harvesting in wearable and industrial environment

·  Energy autonomous RF tags with sensing and localization capabilities

University of Padova

·  Power conversion management for wireless sensors, wearable electronics, and health monitoring

University of Perugia

·  Large area rectenna arrays for Gaussian beam interception

·  Gaussian beam formation

·  WPT application to implanted devices

University of Roma “La Sapienza”

·  Development of silicon nanowire architectures

University of Torino

·  Nanoantenna energy harvesting

University of Udine

·  Circuits and devices for optimal energy harvesting and energy storage

More than Moore / RF devices & circuits

University of Modena and Reggio Emilia

  • GaAs devices
  • InP devices
  • GaN devices

University of Bologna

  • Design of integrated circuits for UWB localization (pulse/waveform generators, wake-up receivers)
  • Circuit building blocks to reduce IoT nodes power consumption: design in Smart Power technology BCD of an ultra-low-power wake-up radio to be integrated in nodes of a wireless sensor/actuator network. Activity carried out in the framework of joint STM-ARCES laboratory.

University of Padova

  • Design of building blocks for 5G terminals and backhaul:
  • high spectral purity LO generation
  • phase shifters and VGA for phased arrays
  • linear power amplifiers
  • Analysis and design of power management circuits for integrated RF and mm-wave systems in nanometric technologies
  • Ultra Wide Band transceivers:
  • for low-power, short-range radios
  • for high-resolution radars
  • Characterization, modeling and simulation of the physical processes limiting the performance and reliability of RF devices based on binary, ternary and quaternary compound semiconductors. Special interest in deep level-related issues.
  • RF MEMS reliability investigation and study of micro mirrors dynamic deformation.

University of Perugia

  • Development of active/passive mm-wave building blocs on non conventional materials,
  • harmonic RFID systems,
  • chipless RFIDs
  • Green and compostable electronics

University of Roma “La Sapienza”

  • Analysis of the oscillator dynamics, low phase noise oscillators design

University of Torino

  • 5G high-efficiency power amplifier design (Doherty)
  • sensitivity modeling of RF devices (III-V FETs, Si FINFETs)
  • variability modeling for small- and large-signal parameters

University of Udine

High Speed Serial links

More than Moore / Photonics devices

University of Modena and Reggio Emilia

  • Back-contact solar cells
  • Heterojunction solar cells
  • GaN LEDs

University of Bologna

  • Passivated Emitter and Rear Cells (PERC), Metal and Emitter Wrap Through (MWT/EWT), Interdigitated Back Contact (IBC) and concentration silicon solar cells. Silicon heterojunction nanowire based thin-film solar cells. Optical MEMS.

University of Calabria

  • Back-contact solar cells
  • Heterojunction solar cells

University of Padova

  • Characterization, modeling and simulation of the physical processes limiting the performance and reliability of RF devices based on binary, ternary and quaternary compound semiconductors. Special interest in deep level-related issues

University of Perugia

  • Extension of these techniques to RF power amplifier

University of Roma “La Sapienza”

  • Development of THz detector integrated within the CMOS image sensors standard technology. Development of THz spectroscopy for application on biomedical, security, food characterization

University of Torino

  • Ge detectors for Silicon photonics,
  • QW lasers,
  • QW high-efficiency solar cells for space applications,
  • MERCATEL FIR image sensor arrays,
  • GaN LED droop mechanisms

University of Udine

photodetectors and avalanche photodiodes

More than Moore / Power devices

University of Modena

  • GaN devices
  • SiC devices

University of Bologna

  • Experimental characterization and simulation of power devices.
  • Physical models for TCAD tools in order to improve the power device reliability.
  • Investigation of charging and polarization of molding compounds and other passivation materials.
  • New topologies for MEMS piezo-transformers.
  • Applications of MEMS piezo-transformers to power conversion and energy harvesting

University of Calabria

  • GaN devices
  • SiC devices

University of Padova

  • Power conversion design using GaN and SiC devices for improved performance
  • Characterization, modeling and simulation of the physical processes limiting the performance and reliability of RF devices based on binary, ternary and quaternary compound semiconductors. Special interest in deep level-related issues.

University of Torino

  • Physical modeling of power devices for switching applications (Si and wide-bandgap)

University of Pisa

Modeling of performance limits and reliability of power devices based on GaN and SiC

Flexible electronics / Organic devices

University of Modena and Reggio Emilia

  • Printed audio transducers, energy harvesters, heaters, antennas

University of Padova

  • Characterization, modeling and reliability of organic devices
  • Characterization, modeling and reliability of photovoltaic devices
  • Characterization and modeling of organic biosensors

University of Perugia

  • Electronic circuits and system on cellulose; MEMS on cellulose, etc.

Flexible electronics / Others

University of Pisa

Ink-jet printed electronics based on 2D materials

Smart systems

University of Modena and Reggio Emilia

  • Physically unclonable functions based on RRAM-like devices

University of Bologna

  • Wearable/implantable systems, ubiquitous environmental monitoring
  • Energy autonomous IoT nodes for wireless sensor and actuator networks.

University of Calabria

  • Physically unclonable functions
  • Interoperable embedded architectures

University of Perugia

  • Lab-on-chip, µC based system, smart sensors in cloud computing environment

University of Roma “La Sapienza”

  • remote management of disease
  • telemedicine and electronic health
  • combined use of sensors and Internet of Things (IoT) for distributed virtual services based on embedded and cyber-physical systems
  • RISC-V based Application Specific Instruction-set Processor (ASIP) integrated in IoT nodes
  • CMOS integrated sensors
  • Hardware acceleration of neural/fuzzy/AI algorithms in IoT nodes
  • Approximate computing in IoT nodes

University of Pisa

  • Phononics
  • Mechanical and electrical design of MEMS

Systems design

University of Modena and Reggio Emilia

  • DC/DC converters for energy harvesting

University of Bologna

  • Embedded systems for vibration analysis, electro-mechanical impedance inspections and acoustic emission monitoring. Beamforming and Ultrasound imaging for biomedical and material characterization applications

University of Calabria

  • DC/DC converters for energy harvesting
  • Heterogeneous embedded system

University of Ferrara

  • Design of the error recovery flow (ECC, redundancy, etc.), algorithms for reliability/performance trade-off exploitation
  • Assessment of the physical constraints in the adoption of emerging non-volatile memory elements for unconventional computing methodologies

University of Padova

  • High-efficient power conversion systems for different applications (renewable energy sources, automotive, industrial, consumer, etc.)
  • Stability analysis in micro-grids and nano-grids
  • Cooperative control between energy converter units in smart-grids

University of Perugia

  • RX and TX front-end system design;

University of Roma “La Sapienza”

  • Cost-effective aerospace-qualified digital system design

University of Torino

  • CAD techniques for nonlinear circuit stability analysis (around DC or periodic working point)
  • Oscillator noise modeling

University of Udine

  • High efficiency power architecture for computing application

University of Pisa

  • Design of integrated switched cap DC DC converters

Design of medical grade wearable sensors